Biblical Exegesis

The main focus of the academic discipline Biblical Exegesis is research relating to biblical texts (writings included in the Jewish and/or a Christian canon), studied in their original language. With the help of a plurality of theories and methods, exegetes study various aspects of these texts, such as their cultural background and history of composition, their linguistic structure, their literary and rhetorical forms, as well as their reception (interpretation and impact) during more than two thousand years. Biblical scholars are also engaged in hermeneutical reflections and in critical studies of the texts’ theology and ideology. 

The discipline Biblical Exegesis consists of two orientations: Hebrew Bible Exegesis and New Testament Exegesis.

Hebrew Bible Exegesis involves studies of texts from the Hebrew Bible/ Old Testament, as well as relevant texts from ancient cultures in Southwest Asia and early Jewish literature. These are topics of recent and ongoing research in Uppsala: prophecy, sacrificial rituals, spatiality in temple texts, inclusion and exclusion in the Persian era, rabbinic interpretations, biblical childhood studies, reception in literature and film, and newspaper debates concerning “Old Testament” perspectives.

New Testament Exegesis involves studies of texts from the New Testament, as well as early Christian texts and relevant Jewish, Hellenistic and Roman literature. These are topics of recent and ongoing research in Uppsala: rhetoric and theology in Paul’s letters, historical Jesus, Dead Sea Scrolls, the Spirit in Paul and John, linguistic expressions relating to faith, intertextuality in Pistis Sophia, and the theme of persecution in the New Testament and early Christian literature.

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