The discipline Ethics at the faculty of theology stands at the crossroads between religious studies research and a philosophical analysis of morals. Ethics can be understood as a theoretical and critical analysis of different moral understandings and moral-philosophical approaches are generally used in the analysis of ethical theories.

The theological discipline of ethics, on the other hand, finds its particular profile through the study of the importance of varying worldviews and religions on morals and ethical reflection. Different understandings of reality and theories of humanity influence the formation of normative ethical models. Different theories of ethical rationality are marked by different traditions and social contexts. This interaction between ethics and world views is focused upon in the theological discipline of ethics.

Within the ethical research undertaken several current problems in practical ethics are studied. This can include questions in bio-medical ethics and ethics of care. It can also include questions of the value of nature and animal rights. The ethics of working life and the relation between ethics and finance have been studied closely within the theological discipline of ethics. This also applies to sexual-ethical problems, which are in general, illuminated in relation to feminist theory formation.

At the same time considerable emphasis is placed on a study of basic problems within ethical theory. The theoretical questions concerning ethical rationality and the eventual truth claims of moral judgments as well as the task of constructing and critically evaluating normative ethical models, are central research tasks within the discipline. For the theological discipline of ethics the question of the relationship between ethical reflection and diverse worldviews is an additional area of interest. An important question concerns the weight which should be placed on reason, experience and revelation as sources for contemporary Christian ethics.

Research on social ethical and political philosophical problems has for a considerable time given the discipline of ethics in Uppsala its particular profile. Here research is carried out into theories of justice, sustainable development and global justice, different forms of Christian social ethics and such questions as what human rights involve and how they should be justified.